A fruit tree is made of a stock and a crown which has 5 or 6 branches.
trees are reduced in size thanks to the selection
of a weak rootstock. The stock is 50 cm high. Fully
grown the tree will reach a height of 2.5/4 meters.
Dwarf trees can be shaped into pyramidal or beaker
forms. Planting distances : 4 m from foot to foot.
trees have a 1.5 m high stock topped by the crown. Fully
grown the tree can reach a height of 5 to 6 meters.
Planting distances : 6 m. from foot to foot.
trees are not different from half-standard ones,
except for the grafting height : 2.3 m. These trees are
ideal for meadows so that cattle cannot reach the crown.
Fully grown the tree will be 8 to 10 meters high.
Planting distances : 10 to 12 meters from foot to foot.
half – and standard trees usually bear two grafts : a
shield-graft at the base with a vigorous vegetation
variety forming a straight stock and a wedge-shaped
notch with the species to propagate.
dwarf trees bear fruit very rapidly, two or three years
after transplanting. However, you may pick some fruit in
the first year.
three to five years of cultivation for a half-standard
tree and five to seven years for a standard one to bear
Fruit grown on standard trees usually have a smaller grade – as opposed to dwarf trees – but this fruit keeps longer.